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extroversion and introversion

A polarity in descriptions of personality , which has a long history, although the terms themselves only became popular in the nineteenth century. Extroversion (literally turning outwards) is typified by outgoing, sociable, impulsive behaviour; introversion (turning inwards) by reflective, withdrawn, responsible behaviour. The psychoanalyst Carl Gustav Jung linked extroversion with hysterical tendencies, introversion with depression and anxiety, the contrast underpinning his differentiation of personality types. Hans J. Eysenck, employing psychometric techniques and factor analysis , identified two major dimensions of personality and labelled the poles of one dimension extroversion and introversion. Individuals are located at points along the dimensions, the two axes enabling the full mapping of personality differences, and identification of personality types.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Extraversion and introversion — Introversion redirects here. For the video game developer, see Introversion Software. The trait of extraversion introversion is a central dimension of human personality theories. Psychology …   Wikipedia

  • introversion — See extroversion and introversion …   Dictionary of sociology

  • introversion — [in΄trō vʉr′zhən, in΄trō vʉ shən, in΄trəvʉr′zhən, in΄trə vʉrshən] n. [ModL introversio, coined by JUNG Carl Gustav < intro , INTRO + versio: see VERSION] 1. an introverting or being introverted 2. Psychol. an attitude in which one directs one… …   English World dictionary

  • extroversion — 1. A turning outward. 2. A trait involving social intercourse, as practiced by an extrovert. Cf.:introversion. SYN: extraversion. [incorrectly formed fr. L. extra, outside, + verto, pp. versus, to turn] * * * ex·tro·ver·sion or ex·tra·ver·sion… …   Medical dictionary

  • introversion — 1. The turning of a structure into itself. SEE ALSO: intussusception, invagination. 2. A trait of preoccupation with oneself, as practiced by an introvert. Cf.:extraversion. [intro + L. verto, pp. versus, to turn] * * * in·tro·ver·sion .in trə… …   Medical dictionary

  • extroversion — n. 1) (extraversion) an enduring personality trait characterized by interest in the outside world rather than the self. People high in extroversion (extroverts), as measured by questionnaires and tests, are gregarious and outgoing, prefer to… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • introversion — n. 1) (intraversion) an enduring personality trait characterized by interest in the self rather than the outside world. People high in introversion (introverts), as measured by questionnaires and psychological tests, tend to have a small circle… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • introversion — introversive /in treuh verr siv/, introvertive /in treuh verr tiv/, adj. /in treuh verr zheuhn, sheuhn, in treuh verr /, n. 1. the act of introverting or the state of being introverted. 2. the quality, tendency, or disposition of being… …   Universalium

  • extroversion — extroversive, extrovertive, adj. extroversively, extrovertively, adv. /ek streuh verr zheuhn, sheuhn, ek streuh verr , stroh /, n. 1. Also, extraversion. Psychol. a. the act of directing one s interest outward or to things outside the self. b.… …   Universalium

  • introversion — noun The act or process of introverting or the quality of being introverted; the quality of focusing on ones own interests, thoughts, and feelings Ant: extroversion …   Wiktionary

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